Know everything about the Citizenship and Immigration law in the United States
Family reunions, admitting immigrants with talents that are advantageous to the American economy, protecting refugees, and fostering diversity are the foundations of U.S. citizenship and immigration law. The Immigration and Nationality Act is the body of legislation in charge of determining American immigration policy (INA). According to the INA, the United States may issue up to 675,000 different visa categories for permanent immigrants each year. In addition to those 675,000 visas, there is no annual cap on the number of U.S. citizens' spouses, parents, and minor children who can enter the country. Additionally, the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program requires the president to determine an annual number of refugees to be admitted through consultation with Congress.
A person enters the country with an immigrant visa and becomes a lawful permanent resident (LPR). Non-citizens who are already in the country may occasionally be able to apply for LPR status through a procedure called "adjustment of status." LPRs can apply for almost all employment (those that aren't legally only open to Americans) and can live in the U.S. permanently, even if they're unemployed. LPRs can seek citizenship after living in the country for five years (or three years in certain situations). Without first becoming an LPR, it is not feasible to apply for citizenship through the standard procedure. The U.S. legal immigration system is as follows:
An essential tenet of American immigration law is family unity. U.S. citizens and LPRs are permitted to bring some members of their families to the country under the family-based immigration system. Immigrants who come from a family background are either admitted as close relatives of American citizens or under the family preference program.
·Temporary Employment-Based Immigration System
Employers may request for and recruit foreign nationals for limited-term positions under temporary employment-based visa classifications. Most temporary employees are restricted from changing employment and are required to work for the employer who requested them. For temporary non-immigrant workers, there are more than 20 different visa categories. Among these are L-1 visas for intracompany transfers, various P visas for performers, athletes, and entertainers, R-1 visas for religious workers, various A visas for diplomats, O-1 visas for people with exceptional abilities, and numerous H visas for both highly talented and less qualified professionals.
·Permanent Employment-Based Immigration System
The total annual cap for immigrants seeking permanent employment is 140,000. The real number of employment-based immigrants each year is fewer than 140,000 because this figure includes the immigrants as well as their eligible wives and minor, unmarried children. The number of visas available for distribution through the employment-based system is determined by adding the number of unused family preference immigrant numbers from the previous year to this cap.
·Refugees and Asylees
Based on their inability to return to their home countries due to a "well-founded fear of persecution" because of their race, membership in a particular social group, political opinion, religion, or national origin, refugees are allowed to the United States. Refugees typically seek admission from a "transition nation" that is not their home country when they are outside of the United States. The level of risk that refugees face, their membership in a group that the president and Congress designate annually as being of special concern to the United States, and whether or not they have family members living in the country are just a few of the many considerations that go into deciding whether or not to admit refugees.
Career as a Citizenship and Immigration lawyer in the USA
The political and media controversies surrounding immigration that have dominated recent years are merely a portion of the whole picture. Citizenship and Immigration lawyers can assist individuals, families, and businesses in navigating the numerous and frequently complicated immigration channels since the United States experiences a steady stream of people wishing to live, work, and study within its boundaries. Since a person's immigration status may have an effect on or connect with other legal issues, including family law, criminal law, corporate law, and tax law, attorneys who practice in those fields must also be knowledgeable about immigration law. Citizenship and Immigration lawyers may, among other things, advise clients about their legal rights and obligations relating to immigration or represent clients in administrative tribunals. In addition, they make recommendations for actions based on their understanding of immigration law.
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